Distinctive features of sprinting
Sprinting is an incredibly spectacular and emotional type of athletics program. Fantastic speeds and constant fierce competition on the track have made this sport one of the most popular in athletics.
Sprinting is associated by most with the name of Usain Bolt, the world-famous runner, track and field legend. His career began in 2002 with a youth championship in his hometown, where he won his first victory. From 2003 to 2016 he invariably received only gold medals, he has only one silver medal. Bolt is recognized, albeit unofficially, as the fastest person on the planet: he runs 100 m in 9.58 seconds while developing a speed of more than 37 km/h.
Sprinting is the overcoming by an athlete of short distances with maximum speed. The main indicator in this case is time. The distances in the sprint are 60, 100, 200, and 400 m. In this sport, it is especially important not to make a mistake not only at the start but also in the process and even at the finish line. Any mistake entails the loss of seconds, and they sometimes decide the outcome of the race.
A distinctive feature of the sprint is that the runner raises the hip high, places the foot firmly on the surface, and performs a powerful push. In addition, the breath of a sprinter is anaerobic, that is, anoxic. Thus, this run requires considerable power input and special breathing skills, therefore, it requires a good sports form. Without proper preparation, it endangers the cardiovascular system, the muscular and ligamentous apparatus.
Features of sprint competitions
World-class sprint competitions are a real rite of passage.
- Running for short distances (up to 100 meters) takes place on a straight treadmill, for other distances – in a circle.
- Stadiums are always 400 meters long, with a radius of 36 meters, the number of lanes is from 6 to 10. Less than that is already a training stadium, it cannot host high world-class competitions. All tracks are the same width – from 1.22 to 1.25 meters.
- Start and finish are marked with a white line 5 cm wide.
- Running direction is to the left.
At distances up to 400 m inclusive, each participant must run in a separate track. For comparison, at a distance of 800 meters, participants run only part of the distance along one track, and then move on to the general one.
Amateur sprint competitions are held – they are less popular than long-distance races, since they require special and very serious preparation. Those for whom running is a hobby do not participate in them. There are also qualifying starts for championships or rank competitions. You can come to them through serious training in athletics sections. And to get to the world championships, you need to pass the qualification selection, showing high results in niche qualifying competitions.